Discipleship

The Twelve – Part 1

"Jesus washing His discples feet" by: Del Parson   photo credit: prezi.com

“Jesus washing His disciples feet” by: Del Parson
photo credit: prezi.com

Have you ever wondered what happened to the twelve (12) disciples of Jesus? Based on the information available on the net, here they are:

Andrew – According to Hippolytus: Andrew preached to the Scythians [modern-day Georgia] and Thracians [modern-day Bulgaria], and was crucified, suspended on an olive tree, at Patrae, a town of Achaia [Greece]; and there too he was buried.

Bartholomew/Nathanael – According to Hippolytus, Bartholomew preached in India:

Bartholomew, again, preached to the Indians, to whom he also gave the Gospel according to Matthew, and was crucified with his head down, and was buried in Allanum, a town of the great Armenia [modern-day southern Georgia].

James, Son of Alphaeus – Hippolytus identifies that James was stoned to death in Jerusalem: And James the son of Alphaeus, when preaching in Jerusalem, was stoned to death by the Jews, and was buried there beside the temple.

James, Son of Zebedee –James was the brother of John, the disciple “that Jesus loved”.

Acts 12 1 And at that time Herod the king threw on his hands to oppress some of those of the church. 2 And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.

Eusebius described more precisely what was cut off of James: First Stephen was stoned to death by them, and after him James, the son of Zebedee and the brother of John, was beheaded. (Book 3, Chapter 5)

John, brother of James and son of Zebedee – John was one of the few disciples that did not die a cruel death, but of “old age”.

According to Hippolytus, John was banished by Domitian to the Island of Patmos, and later died in Ephesus.

Matthew/Levi – Eusebius referenced to Bishop Papias of Hierapolis, as early as c. 110 A.D., bearing witness to Matthew’s authorship of his gospel.  According to Hippolytus:

Matthew wrote the Gospel in the Hebrew tongue, and published it at Jerusalem, and fell asleep at Hierees, a town of Parthia. [Parthia is near modern-day Tehran]

Philip – According to Hippolytus, Philip preached and was executed in what today is eastern Turkey:

Philip preached in Phrygia, and was crucified in Hierapolis with his head down in the time of Domitian, and was buried there.

Simon/Cephas/Peter – Eusebius, quoting Papias of Hierapolis (c. 110 A.D.), records a tradition that the Gospel of Mark preserved the Gospel as preached by Peter:

“Mark having become the interpreter of Peter, wrote down accurately whatsoever he remembered. he accompanied Peter.” (Book 3, Chapter 39)

Irenaeus (c. 180 A.D.) records a similar tradition, and mentions that Peter and Paul founded the Church in Rome. Eusebius records that Peter was put to death under Nero in Rome:

It is, therefore, recorded that Paul was beheaded in Rome itself, and that Peter likewise was crucified under Nero. This account of Peter and Paul is substantiated by the fact that their names are preserved in the cemeteries of that place even to the present day. (Book 2, Chapter 25)

Hippolytus confirmed the fact that Peter was crucified by Nero in Rome:

Peter preached the Gospel in Pontus, and Galatia, and Cappadocia, and Betania, and Italy, and Asia, and was afterwards crucified by Nero in Rome with his head down, as he had himself desired to suffer in that manner.

Simon the Zealot – According to Hippolytus, Simon the Zealot was the second Bishop of Jerusalem:

Simon the Zealot, the son of Clopas, who is also called Jude, became bishop of Jerusalem after James the Just, and fell asleep and was buried there at the age of 120 years.

Thaddaeus/Judas, the son of James – According to Mat 10:3 (KJV): Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus. Thaddaeus is also known as Lebbaeus.

Hippolytus records: Jude, who is also called Lebbaeus, preached to the people of Edessa, and to all Mesopotamia, and fell asleep at Berytus, and was buried there.

Thomas Didymus – Hippolytus records that Thomas was an active missionary, and that he met his fate in India: And Thomas preached to the Parthians, Medes, Persians, Hyrcanians, Bactrians, and Margians, and was thrust through in the four members of his body with a pine spear at Calamene, the city of India, and was buried there.

Judas Iscariot We all know what happened to him. (Matthew 27:5 / Acts 1:18)

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